Trento was founded by the Romans in 23 B.C. and given the name Tridentum. It is also known for its numerous Barbarian attacks, the prince-bishop dynasties and the constant contestation of its territory between the French, Habsburg family and Italians. With the birth of the Counter-reformation, the Trentino capital played an important role in church matters during the times of protestant heresy.
The city and its monuments
Amongst the main architectural attractions of the city there is: the Tridentino Diocesan Museum, the Palazzo Alberti Colico, the Castello del Buonconsiglio, residence of the prince-bishops, and the Cathedral of San Vigilio with its piazza. Its building began in 1212, and it has distinct decorative elements such as the facades rose window, the bell tower with its onion dome and the sixteenth century Porta del Vescovo. The piazza is considered the symbol of Trento and is the heart of city life. The Fontana del Nettuno is situated in its centre, whilst it is surrounded by a series of painted houses, amongst which Casa Camuffi and Casa Balduini.
The geographical area
The province of Trento is divided into three parts: the southern valleys and the western and eastern areas. In the southern valleys there is perfect harmony between its landscape views and elements that should be in contrast with them: the city, the northern part of Lake Garda and Val Lagarina. The western area is made up of Val di Non, Val di Sole, Valli Giudicarie and the Adamello Dolomiti di Brenta with its natural park. It is characterised by its wild valleys and high peaks and includes tourist resorts such as Madonna di Campiglio, known for being one of the most beautiful and attractive winter tourist destinations as well as being a hive of social life. Finally, the eastern area is probably best known amongst mountain lovers, thanks to its unique Dolomite mountain chain landscapes and the magic of the pink tinted peaks of Canazei, Moena and San Martino di Castrozza.