Dating back to the Phoenicians, ancient destination of migrating peoples like the Picenes and Sabines, Teramo was finally conquered by Rome, who named it Interamnia Praetutianorum (land between two rivers), placing it between Via Salaria and Via Cecilia. During the Empire of Augustus and Adrian, it underwent extensive development and there is great witness to this fortunate period in the temples, spa baths, theatre, amphitheatre and other typical Roman buildings. After the Roman domain it was invaded by the Goths, Longobards and the Normans, and returned to something of its original splendour under the Angevins, who changed the name from Interamnia to Teramum. There are some important testimonies of the medieval era, like the portal and bell tower on the cathedral, the porches and lovely churches of St. Anthony and St. Domenico. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Teramo became a lively cultural centre open to the illuminist ideas of famous academics like Melchiorre Delfico, who was born here.
The city and its monuments
Teramo is rich with some extremely important religious buildings: the Church of St. Anthony dating back to 1127 with its Romanic portal; the Sanctuary of the Madonna of Grace, with inside the semi-circular arches, the ornate capitals and numerous paintings; the Convent of St. John, with its impressive cloisters that have been completely renovated; the Cathedral, in the centre of the old town, which had additions in Baroque style and was then restored to its original medieval style around 1934. Finally the 18th century Palazzo Delfico, Palazzo Vescovile, Municipal Loggia, Church of St. Domenico and the Library, Civic Museum, Archaeological Museum and the Picture Gallery, the Monica Castle and Colle Urania Observatory, just a few miles from the historic centre.
The geographical area
It is worth visiting Villa Rosa in Martinsicuro, developed over the last decade as a bathing resort which is very well equipped and loved for its large sandy beach. The small town has very ancient origins and has some precious remains of the ancient town. In august, Tortoreto comes to life with the fete in honour of the Madonna del Porto Salvo, Protectress of people at sea, when religious events, variety shows, festivals are held and a procession of fishing boats accompanies the Madonna out to sea. Finally, Silvi Marina, a bathing resort and fishing village, also known for the liquorice production, Roseto degli Abruzzi and Isola del Gran Sasso with its amazing landscape. Here, if you lift your eyes to the sky you can see the majestic peaks of the Gran Sasso and if you wish, climb up the rock faces overlooking the sea.