Rimini only became a province a few years ago, but its origins date back to the Etruscan and Celtic settlements, while its importance really grew during the Roman period. Imperial municipality of Augustus it became an important marine town with sumptuous monuments. In the medieval period it became a commune and during the Renaissance was capital of the Seignior Malatesta family, which was a splendid period in terms of culture and art. In the 16th century, Rimini passed under the control of the church, which blocked its economic development for almost three centuries. Only at the beginning of 1900 was there a recovery in the town and the creation of numerous bathing establishments and luxury homes, which give the town its distinctive appearance. Real development came however after the Second World War, when virtually the entire town was destroyed. In the Fifties and Sixties, town rebuilding completely changed its appearance, with boarding houses, blocks of flats and hotels all along the coast.
The city and its monuments
Rimini has an excellent artistic and cultural heritage, from churches on the hills inland to the Malatesta Temple, the real symbol of the town, which underlines its history and wealth. The San Giuliano hamlet should be visited, an ancient fishing district with the ancient church of the same time; nearby is the Tiberio Bridge, one of the few Roman bridges still remaining. Lovely Piazza Cavour, centre of the town, is crowned by the sumptuous Palazzo dellArengo built in 1207, by the Town Theatre and the Palazzo del Podestà. Castel Sismondo is an impressive building, home of Sigismondo Malatesta, which today houses the Museum of Non-European cultures, and not to forget the Town Museum, set up in the old Jesuit Convent and College, with the Picture Gallery with works by Ghirlandaio, Guercino and Reni, with tapestries and pottery work.
The geographical area
The Rimini coast needs no introduction. Undisputed holiday capital, it is an important resort for tourists who are seeking comfort and fun at all hours and everywhere. The resorts of Cattolica and Riccione also offer excellent hotel facilities and entertainment, and at Riccione there is an important Spa Centre fed by water coming from four springs. But the land of the Queen of the Adriatic is more besides; the artistic heritage of the Malatesta family is enormous, plus really beautiful landscapes and surroundings. The typical hilly countryside, with the hamlets, cultivated fields and wild vegetation. The hills are planted with olive groves and chestnut trees designing a landscape that bears all the signs of man in an ancient and well-kept land.