Mora Romagnola

This is the name of the 335 thousand black pigs that once populated the valleys and hills of the Apenines in Romagna. The species was so named in Faenza in 1942, in the course of a meeting about livestock when the characteristics of the breed were precisely defined.

This ancient species came to the region along with the barbarian invaders in the fourth and fifth centuries AD, and represented a cornerstone of the agricultural economy for centuries. In the second half of the twentieth century a series of changes led to a decrease in the population of the Mora Romagnola, bringing the species to the verge of extinction, as a result of the greater demand on the market for ever leaner meat from newer breeds of pigs.

In the early seventies one heard about remote farms in the Apennines around Faenza, where the black pig breeders almost represented a romantic relic. This breed remained etched in the memory and hearts of the people of Romagna because of its charm and the flavour of its meat. One was Mario Lazzari, Faenza, who at the dawn of the eighties decided to recover the species and passionately began to search out the last specimens in remote areas. 

Today, this species of country style pork from Romagna is safe thanks to him and other farmers who were able to appreciate the value of its meat and the impotence of its role in the cultural and territorial life of Romagna. Thanks to groups like the APA of Ravenna (Provincial Breeders Association) and Copaf (Consortium for the promotion of local products), Mora Romagnola has begun to spread and now numbers about 1,500 on fifty farms. 

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