One of the oldest green areas in Italy, the Gran Paradiso Park, extends between Valle dAosta and Piedmont. This vast green expanse boasts a record: it is the oldest of the national parks, set up in Italy in 1922. The land offers your eyes splendid scenery spread over a surface of over 70 thousand hectares; the top of the 4,061 metre-high Gran Paradiso Mountain, which gives the park its name, overlooks the valley, accompanied by a spectacular range of high mountains, between the 800 metres of the valley floor.
The high mountain and all of its splendours are presented in a unique package that can be enjoyed breathing in the crystalline air of an almost primordial landscape where man and nature live together in mutual harmony. From the highest point, down to the valley floor, the scenery is graduated and goes from the giddy view that can be enjoyed from the highest peaks, down to the glaciers and rocks, with the meadowlands at the bottom. Further down, the mountain greets the green woods, which are home to a variety of animal species. Besides the Capra ibex, better known as the steinbock, which can often be seen grazing in the meadows, you can find rock whistlers with their unmistakable whistle, and crossbills, birds with a particular beak; the plant life also offers priceless treasures, like edelweiss and mountain lilies.
It is a place with a thousand faces, perfect too for geology and mineral enthusiasts, who can admire the action of time in the park. The course of time has shaped the group of mountains of the Gran Paradiso that are made up of ancient rocks, with veins of minerals of iron (especially in Cogne Valley) and metamorphic rocks, such as granite and diorites, which have been carved away by the erosion of the glaciers and torrents that have formed this valley.
The parks splendid frame also promotes the valorisation of the cultural heritage, which embraces the history of the people who lived for years and who still live today on these mountains, true pastoral civilisations who share the traditions of the mountain.